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Species Guidelines

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Natural Habitat Colour of Leaves Sun/Shade Frost Sensitivity
EC Eastern Cape Green Full Sun Frost Tender
KZN KwaZulu-Natal Dark Green Semi Shade Moderately Hardy
N.LP North Limpopo Blue Full Shade Frost Hardy
MP Mpumalanga Blue Green        

South African Encephalartos

Encephalartos Natural Habitat Availability Leaves Sun/Shade Frost
E. aemulans North KZN priority cultivation
E. altensteinii EC commercially available
E. aplanatus Swaziland priority cultivation
E. arenarius EC priority cultivation
E. brevifoliolatus N.LP extinct
E. caffer EC vulnerable
E. cerinus KZN vulnerable
E. cupidus MP/North LP endangered
E. cycadifolius EC vulnerable
E. dolomiticus N.LP critically endangered
E. dyerianus N.LP endangered
E. eugene-mariasii N.LP endangered
E. ferox KZN/Mozambique commercially available
E. friderici-guilielmi EC vulnerable
E. ghellinckii EC/KZN vulnerable
E. heenanii MP/Swaziland critically endangered
E. hirsutus N.LP extinct
E. horridus EC vulnerable
E. humilis MP endangered
E. inopinus MP/N.LP endangered
E. laevifolius MP/N.LP endangered
E. lanatus MP priority cultivation
E. latifrons EC critically endangered
E. lebomboesis KZN/MP priority cultivation
E. lehmanii EC priority cultivation
E. longifolius EC priority cultivation
E. middelburgensis MP endangered
E. msinganus KZN priority cultivation
E. natalensis KZN commercially available
E. ngoyanus KZN vulnerable
E. nubimontanus N.LP endangered
E. paucidentatus N.LP/MP/Swaziland vulnerable
E. princeps EC priority cultivation
E. relectus Swaziland extinct
E. rondawel N.LP extinct
E. senticosus KZN commercially available
E. transvenosus LP priority cultivation
E. trispinosus EC priority cultivation
E. umbeluziensis Swaziland/Mozambique vulnerable
E. villosus KZN/EC commercially available
E. woodii KZN extinct
Stangeria eriopus KZN/EC commercially available

African Encephalartos

Encephalartos Natural Habitat Availability Leaves Sun/Shade Frost
E. allochrous Nigeria endangered
E. barteri Nigeria/Benin/Ghana/Togo endangered
E. bubalinus Tanzania endangered
E. bunia Congo endangered
E. chimanimaniensis Zimbabwe/Mozambique endangered
E. concinnus Zimbabwe priority cultivation
E. delucanus Tanzania endangered
E. equatorialis Uganda endangered
E. gratus Malawi/Mozambique priority cultivation
E. hildebrandtii Kenya/Zanzibar/Tanzania priority cultivation
E. ituriensis Congo endangered
E. kisambo Kenya priority cultivation
E. lauentianus Congo/Angola endangered
E. mackenziei Sudan endangered
E. macrostrobilus Uganda endangered
E. manikensis Zimbabwe/Mozambique commercially available
E. maruguensis Congo endangered
E. munchii Mozambique endangered
E. poggei Congo endangered
E. powysii Kenya endangered
E. pterogonus Mozambique vulnerable
E. schaijesii Congo endangered
E. schmitzii Congo/Zambia endangered
E. sclavoi Congo/Tanzania vulnerable
E. septentrionalis Sudan/Uganda endangered
E. tegulaneus Kenya endangered
E. turneri Mozambique vulnerable
E. whitelockii Uganda vulnerable